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英国拉夫堡大学博士课程
日期:2020-01-23    浏览次数:364    文章来源:超级管理员

     对于申请博士,很多小伙伴又好奇又迷惑又心生敬畏。PHD(博士)就是学习的巅峰,是标志着个人具备研究出原创成果的能力。完成了博士,就转身成为了专家级“玩家”。

     那么如何申请博士呢,下面为你提供纯干货:博士申请三部曲~~


1、前期基本工作

     博士和研究生学习的目的不大相同。研究生的学习目的除了获取相关领域的基础和延展性知识外,还会针对相关的就业领域,为以后的就业提供思路做准备。同时英国的研究生也会有部分提供实习或带薪实习的机会。而博士则纯粹是理论知识深入探讨和研究。是对科学或社会的某个感兴趣的领域探索的过程。博士主要探索理论,将前沿实事转化为知识。所以前期需要充分了解博士的学习方式,和希望研究的领域课题。多搜罗一些相关的期刊文章,网站资源和前辈的研究,还有哪些不同角度新颖的课程或想法,从而为研究报告做准备。


2、准备申请材料

     英国的博士基本申请材料和研究生大致相同,学位证和毕业证,成绩单,个人陈述,简历,两封推荐信,还有语言成绩。除了这些,博士申请特有的,也是最重要的就是研究报告了。研究报告是体现你对即将要在博士阶段研究课题的想法介绍,是给博士导师的最初印象。是显示你研究的能力和潜力,也是录取的关键因素。下面我们来看下全英前10的大学拉夫堡大学对于申请博士的研究报告的小建议:

研究报告前期需要引用5W+1H的问题引入课题。
  • What:研究的课题是什么
  • Why:课题研究的意义是为了什么。
  • How:课题是通过什么方式来研究
  • Where:研究课题的地域是哪里
  • Who:课题针对的群体是谁
  • When:课题研究的时间点或时间段在哪里
有了这些问题引入思路,报告就能缩小范围,更有针对性。

研究报告内容需要包括:
  • 在相关文献中论证选题的理由;
  • 课题研究的目的和目标
  • 研究方法
  • 潜在的最初作品贡献
  • 研究可能的产生的影响
  • 包含3年的博士学习的计划甘特图

研究报告中需要体现:
  • 想法的科学合理性和原创性
  • 批判的思维能力和清晰的写作能力
  • 相关文献的掌握能力
  • 在研究领域的洞察力
  • 处理数据的能力
  • 对即将研究课题困难的了解


3、套磁

     一旦确定了研究的领域,写好了研究报告,就要尽早套磁了。需主动邮件联系导师。告诉导师你对他负责的研究课题兴趣浓厚,可以说,“我对您所研究的领域十分感兴趣,也希望成为您的学生,并以此领域作为我的博士研究课题的方向。”然后就能以一个未来博士生的身份跟导师交流了。导师也会根据研究报告和相应的想法沟通来评估。

     完成以上三部曲,博士的申请基本已经大功告成了。千万不要轻视这三步曲,一环紧扣一环缺一不可。导师同意后即可进行网申。同时需确定语言的能力,是否需要衔接学期语言课程。毕竟语言课程也为以后的学习生活提供很好的语言基础。

     拉夫堡大学的博士申请可以免去套磁的环节,直接申请哦,这样又能更减轻一部分的压力和负担,多些时间准备研究报告或准备语言。同时只要你能体现较强的相关研究能力,本科毕业生也可以申请博士。

     拉夫堡大学博士研究的课题比较丰富,涉及到工程,建筑,数学,物理,计算机,化学,设计以及社科政策学:

  •   3D Vision for Robots with Photonic Chip Interferometers PhD
  •   Developmentof a 3D Printed Biohybrid Lung PhD
  •   Deep Reinforcement Learning for Human-Robot Interaction PhD
  •   Data-Driven Prediction of Mechanical Performance in Cast Irons Based on Machine-LearningTechniques PhD
  •   Context-AwareData-Driven Approach to Enhance the Wellbeing of Workers in Complex Scenarios PhD
  •   Coach’sCompanion: A Sport Based Joint Cognitive System PhD
  •   City-scalebig data in urban mobility PhD
  •   Brain-inspired computers: from neuron spike dynamics to spike computing PhD
  •   Birational Geometry of Singular Fano Varieties PhD
  •   Battery Thermal Management System for Electric Vehicle PhD
  •   Automatic DeepFakes Generation and Identification PhD
  •   Applied AI in IoT and consumer intelligence in digital finance PhD
  •   AI for Social Cohesion and Long-Term UK Productivity PhD
  •   AI enabled Cyber-Human Integration for Industrial Environments PhD
  •   Advances in control of wind turbines and wind farms PhD
  •   Advanced Textiles for Wearable Electronics Applications PhD
  •   Additive Manufacturing for Revolutionary Mechanical Performance PhD
  •   Adaptive and Predictive Computational Modelling of Biomaterials: A Digital Twin ApproachTowards Next Generation Personalised Healthcare PhD
  •   Development of an Aeroelastic Multi-Disciplinary Design Optimization Framework for LargeWind Turbine Systems PhD
  •   Energy Harvesting-Enabled Self-Powered Sensing for Real-Time Monitoring in Industry4.0 PhD
  •   Exploration of Techniques to Improve Reliability and Security of Autonomous Vehicles PhD
  •   Friction,Lubrication and Heat Transfer Phenomena In Advanced Hybrid Electric Vehicle Power trains PhD
  •   Explosive evaporation – the superheat limit and hydrodynamic instability for liquiddroplet PhD
  •   Fabrication and characterisation of memristors for object detection applications PhD
  •   Foam Electrokinetic Separation PhD
  •   Architecture,Building and Civil Engineering PhD
  •   Getting a Grip on Artificial Turf PhD
  •   Hardware-in-the-Loop:Designing future railway vehicles PhD
  •   Heat Transfer and Fluid Dynamics of Electric Vehicle Transmissions PhD
  •   High Performance Productivity PhD
  •   Improving Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ) in the Built Environment by leveragingadvanced IEQ monitoring systems, simulation and integrated controls PhD
  •   Information and Visualisation Design Methods PhD
  •   Intra operative parathyroid imaging PhD
  •   Knowledge Driven Search-Based Optimisation for Software Performance PhD
  •   Low Temperature District Heat Networks PhD
  •   Lumine scent Molecular Probes to Facilitate Drug Discovery PhD
  •   Machine Learning Based Modelling in Autonomous Vehicles PhD
  •   Manipulating magnetic anisotropy with superconductivity PhD
  •   Mathematical modelling of wave energy conversion across the scales PhD
  •   Measurement of Dielectric Properties Including Anisotropy for Antenna, RF and SatelliteApplications PhD
  •   Mechanical behaviour and optimisation of laser-cut rebar embedded in cementitious matrixPhD
  •   Medical image-based computational modelling and an AI algorithm development for lungdiseases diagnosis PhD
  •   Nano-ParticleTransport and Deposition PhD
  •   New Digitalisation Processes and Digital Twins for Aerospace Engineering PhD
  •   Parameterisation of Alloys Manufacturing: Lessons Learnt from Traditional Methods to InformAutomated Advanced Manufacturing PhD
  •   Performance of Ground Improvement Solutions in Landfills PhD
  •   Plug-and-Play Low Voltage DC microgrids PhD
  •   PREDICTOR:Improving the energy performance of closed-loop heating and cooling systems PhD
  •   Random Periodicity in Dynamics with Uncertainty: Ergodic Theory PhD
  •   Rapid Infrastructure Shielding from Legacy Unexploded Ordnance: Modelling & 3DPrinting PhD
  •   Re-Purposing– A Symbiotic Approach to Manufacturing – Reducing Resource Consumption WhilstMeeting Social Needs PhD
  •   Design and Creative Arts PhD Studentships PhD
  •   School of Social Sciences and Humanities PhD Studentships PhD
  •   Schr?dinger operators with complex potentials PhD
  •   Self-Assembly of Colloidal Structures in Living Liquid Crystals PhD
  •   Signatures of spin liquid behaviour in correlated quantum magnets PhD
  •   Smart Grasping of Challenging to Handle Materials PhD
  •   Surface Modification of Metal Powders for Improved Additive Manufacturing PhD
  •   Theory and design of active quantum circuit elements PhD
  •   Towards to the interpretable medical imaging analysis PhD
  •   Understanding Aeroelastic Dynamics for Aeroelastically Tailored Smart Turbine Blades PhD


     以上研究课程申请,如足够优秀还能申请到Studentship可减免全部的学费。

     说到这里,很多同学会疑惑,什么是Studentship?和Scholarship有什么不一样。那“外服留学”再科普一下:

     OxfordUniversity对“Studentship”的项目说明:A departmental awardwhich provides funding for postgraduate research students who are working onspecific projects. And the funding is normally provided by an organization suchas a Research Council or through a combination of funds from an academicdepartment or external body.

     所以不同于Scholarship:

     1、Studentship通常是由具体机构为具体研究课题而设立的项目,也就是说,这个项目已经有了具体的研究方向和研究题目,而且一般有了导师负责。所以,同学们就不用纠结如何选题,也就不用盲目陶瓷~

     2、由于Studentship由具体的机构赞助,所以对于申请人会有一定的要求。可能某个EU或者英国本土的机构只赞助自家学生,可能不考虑国际学生。

     拉夫堡大学以上提到的研究课题的Studentship都是开放给国际生哒。博士3年的学费全减免,简直惊呆小伙伴。要申请这个Studentship需要和导师联系,讨论研究课题,提交proposal,阐述想法;附加CV等必备申请材料。每个材料需要非常细致的准备以备通过导师的审核。

你难道不心动么?!如果我是学霸,没人能拦我,马上申请~~~

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